CRISPR-Enabled Tools for Engineering Microbial Genomes and Phenotypes

Carrie Eckert, Katia Tarasava, Eun Oh, Ryan Gill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus Citations

Abstract

In recent years CRISPR-Cas technologies have revolutionized microbial engineering approaches. Genome editing and non-editing applications of various CRISPR-Cas systems have expanded the throughput and scale of engineering efforts, as well as opened up new avenues for manipulating genomes of non-model organisms. As we expand the range of organisms used for biotechnological applications, we need to develop better, more versatile tools for manipulation of these systems. Here we summarize the current advances in microbial gene editing using CRISPR-Cas based tools, and highlight state-of-the-art methods for high-throughput, efficient genome-scale engineering in model organisms Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We also review non-editing CRISPR-Cas applications available for gene expression manipulation, epigenetic remodeling, RNA editing, labeling and synthetic gene circuit design. Finally, we point out the areas of research that need further development in order to expand the range of applications and increase the utility of these new methods.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages13
JournalBiotechnology Journal
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2700-71862

Keywords

  • CRISPR editing
  • CRISPR gene regulation
  • CRISPR tools for microbes
  • CRISPRa
  • CRISPRi

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