Critical Elements of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Economics

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report explores the critical elements of V2G economics. Section 2 summarizes the elements and costs of a V2G system. Section 3 describes V2G revenue-generating services and the business cases for providing these services. Section 4 notes real-world V2G applications. Section 5 lists concerns related to V2G. Section 6 concludes and summarizes V2G cost and revenue elements.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-69017


  • economics
  • V2G
  • vehicle to grid


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