Critical Material Supply Chain Analysis: Magnetocalorics

Chuck Booten, Margaret Mann, Ayyoub Momen, Omar Abdelaziz

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Understanding manufacturing cost and supply chain implications of technologies is critical to aid adoption of next-generation energy solutions, such as advanced heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment for building energy efficiency. This report provides insights into the market, regulatory, technology, and cost drivers most impacting the adoption of magnetocaloric refrigeration (MCR) systems in the U.S., with a focus on the rare earth materials requirements, manufacturing costs of key components, and detail on the supply chain of critical materials.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages53
StatePublished - 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5500-75163


  • buildings
  • HVAC
  • manufacturing
  • supply chain


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