Data-Enabled Predictive Control for Building HVAC Systems

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4 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Model predictive control is widely used as a control technology for the computation of optimal control inputs of building heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. However, both the benefits and widespread adoption of model predictive control (MPC) are hindered by the effort of model creation, calibration, and accuracy of the predictions. In this paper, we apply the data-enabled predictive control (DeePC) algorithm for designing controls for building HVAC systems. The algorithm solely depends on input/output data from the system to predict future state trajectories without the need for system identification. The algorithm relies on the idea that a vector space of all input-output trajectories of a discrete-time linear time-invariant (LTI) system is spanned by time-shifts of a single measured trajectory, given the input signal is persistently exciting. Closed-loop simulations using EnergyPlus are performed to demonstrate the approach. The simulated building modeled in EnergyPlus is a modified commercial large office prototype building served by an air handling unit-variable air volume HVAC system. Temperature setpoints of zones are used as control variables to minimize the HVAC energy cost of the building considering a time-of-use electricity rate structure. Furthermore, sensitivity analysis is conducted to gain insights into the effect of parameter tuning on DeePC performance. Simulation results are used to illustrate the performance of the algorithm and compare the algorithm with model-based MPC and occupancy-based setpoint controller. Overall, DeePC achieves similar performance compared to MPC for lower engineering effort.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberArticle No. 081001
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Transactions of the ASME
Volume144
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 by ASME.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-77557

Keywords

  • air conditioning
  • buildings
  • heating
  • HVAC
  • model predictive control
  • MPC
  • ventilation

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