DC Fast Charging Infrastructure for Electrified Road Trips

Dong-Yeon Lee, Eric Wood

Research output: NRELPresentation


To assess DC fast charging station network required for electrified road trips by 2030 in California, a new charging infrastructure simulation tool/model, EVI-Pro (Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Projection) RoadTrip, has been developed. In contrast to the existing EVI-Pro model that is primarily for short-distance travels, EVI-Pro RoadTrip is exclusively focused on road trips (long-distance travels, 100 or miles per day per vehicle). Also, the charging paradigm or strategy is different. EVI-Pro RoadTrip is built upon waypoint charging, in which vehicles are forced to stop to charge or replenish the on-board batteries, along the routes between origins and destinations. On the other hand, EVI-Pro is based on destination charging, in which charging is conducted when vehicles are parked in destinations (e.g., work, home). EVI-Pro RoadTrip takes coordinate-level origin and destination data for road trips (intra-state as well as domestic or international out-of-state) and estimates energy consumption and charging needs along the routes between origins and destinations on a minute-by-minute resolution. Based on charging demands for electrified road trips across the state, the optimal locations of charging stations are determined accounting for preferred land use types (e.g., commercial areas) and station service area (e.g., 5 or less miles). Based on station-by-station charging load profiles, the required number of plugs/connectors is estimated for each station and entire state. By comparing hosting capacity of the electric grid (circuit-level) and the charging load output from EVI-Pro RoadTrip, capacity deficit is also evaluated.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages39
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NamePresented at the California Energy Commission's 2020 Integrated Energy Policy Report Update, 4-6 August 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-77634


  • charging infrastructure
  • charging station network design
  • DC fast charging
  • DCFC
  • electric vehicles
  • electrification
  • EVI-Pro RoadTrip
  • long-distance travel
  • road trip


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