Defect Equilibria from First Principles: From Widegap Oxides to Topological Semimetals

Research output: NRELPresentation


Materials functionality and performance is rarely determined by the ideal crystal alone but is usually affected by formation of imperfections and the solution of impurities. In some applications, such as solar thermochemical hydrogen generation, defect formation is the fundamentally enabling mechanism of the desired functionality. In other cases, such as Cd3As2 topological semimetals, unintentional self-doping presents an obstacle to the access to the unique electronic properties. In either case, a quantitative understanding of the relevant defect mechanism is essential for developing design strategies. This presentation will touch upon numerous aspects in the computational simulation of defect equilibria, including non-equilibrium design strategies, the coupling of solid state and gas-phase reactions, dopant-defect and defect-defect interactions, both attractive and repulsive, the accuracy of total energy functionals and electronic structure methods, and the role of the shape of the density of states for the charge balance condition and Fermi level position, as well as machine-learning prediction of defect energies (1). Specific materials systems include Ga2O3 (2), Cd3As2 (3), and (Sr,Ce)MnO3 (4). (1) M.D. Witman, A. Goyal, T. Ogitsu, A.H. McDaniel, S. Lany, Nat. Comput. Sci. 3, 675 (2023). (2) A. Goyal, A. Zakutayev, V. Stevanovic, S. Lany, J. Appl. Phys. 129, 245704 (2021). (3) C. Brooks, M. van Schilfgaarde, D. Pashov, J.N. Nelson, K. Alberi, D.S. Dessau, S. Lany, Phys. Rev. B 107, 224110 (2023). (4) A. Goyal, M.D. Sanders, R.P. O'Hayre, S. Lany, PRX Energy 3, 013008 (2024).
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages29
StatePublished - 2024

Publication series

NamePresented at the First International FLAIR Workshop, 3-7 March 2024, Frankfurt, Germany

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5K00-89067


  • equilibria
  • fermi level engineering
  • reactions
  • solar thermochemical hydrogen
  • topological semimetal


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