Defining Threshold Values of Encapsulant and Backsheet Adhesion for PV Module Reliability

Nicholas Bosco, Sarah Kurtz, Jared Tracy, Reinhold Dauskrdt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus Citations


The width-tapered cantilever beam method is used to quantify the debond energy (adhesion) of encapsulant and backsheet structures of 32 modules collected fromthe field. The collected population of modules contains both those that have remained intact and those with instances of either or both encapsulant and backsheet delamination. From this survey, initial threshold values (an adhesion value above which a module should remain intact throughout its lifetime) for encapsulant and backsheet interfaces are proposed. For encapsulants this value is ~160 J/m2 and for backsheets ~10 J/m2. It is expected that these values will continue to be refined and evolve as the width-tapered cantilever beam method gets adopted by the PV industry, and that they may aid in the future improvement of accelerated lifetime tests and the development of new, low-cost materials.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number8057751
Pages (from-to)1536-1540
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2011-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5J00-69023


  • Adhesive strength
  • photovoltaic cells
  • reliability


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