Demand Response and Energy Storage Integration Study

Paul Denholm, Marissa Hummon, Jennie Jorgenson, Joseph Palchak, Ookie Ma, Daniel Olsen, Nance Matson, Michael Sohn, Cody Rose, Junqiao Dudley, Sasank Goli, Sila Kiliccote, Peter Cappers, Jason MacDonald, Michael tarke, Nasr Alkadi, Dhruv Bhatnagar, Aileen Currier, Jaci Hernandez, Brendan KirbyMark O’Malley, Kerry Cheung

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Demand response and energy storage resources present potentially important sources of bulk power system services that can aid in integrating variable renewable generation. While renewable integration studies have evaluated many of the challenges associated with deploying large amounts of variable wind and solar generation technologies, integration analyses have not yet fully incorporated demand response and energy storage resources. This report represents an initial effort in analyzing the potential integration value of demand response and energy storage, focusing on the western United States. It evaluates two major aspects of increased deployment of demand response and energy storage: (1) Their operational value in providing bulk power system services and (2) Market and regulatory issues, including potential barriers to deployment.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages94
StatePublished - 2016

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A20-61181

Other Report Number

  • DOE/EE-1282


  • bulk power
  • demand response
  • energy storage
  • integration
  • renewable generation


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