Deployment of Wind Turbines in the Built Environment: Risks, Lessons, and Recommended Practices

Michael Fields, Frank Oteri, Robert Preus, Edward Baring-Gould

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Built-environment wind turbine (BEWT) projects are wind energy projects that are constructed on, in, or near buildings. These projects present an opportunity for distributed, low-carbon generation combined with highly visible statements on sustainability, but the BEWT niche of the wind industry is still developing and is relatively less mature than the utility-scale wind or traditional distributed wind sectors. The findings from this report cannot be extended to wind energy deployments in general because of the large difference in application and technology maturity. This paper investigates the current state of the BEWT industry by reviewing available literature on BEWT projects as well as interviewing project owners on their experiences deploying and operating the technology. The authors generated a series of case studies that outline the pertinent project details, project outcomes, and lessons learned. This paper integrates those information sources into recommended practices that can be utilized by future stakeholders to evaluate the feasibility of BEWTs for their unique applications and sites.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages55
StatePublished - 2016

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5000-65622


  • building-mounted wind turbine
  • built environment
  • built-environment wind turbine
  • distributed wind turbine
  • rooftop wind turbine
  • wind energy
  • wind turbine


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