Design of a New Biosensor for Algal H2 Production Based on the H2-Sensing System of Rhodobacter capsulatus

Matt S.A. Wecker, Jonathan E. Meuser, Matthew C. Posewitz, Maria L. Ghirardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus Citations

Abstract

The H2-sensing system of Rhodobacter capsulatus was engineered to elicit a fluorescent response upon cell exposure to H2. The system is surprisingly sensitive to H2 and is capable of detecting levels of H2 down to 200 pM in solution, which approximates the background concentration of H2 in water exposed to the earth's atmosphere. The response was roughly linear between 0.3 and 300 ppm V of added headspace H 2 and gave a Kapp of 142 nM H2, when cells were grown anaerobically for 12 h in the presence of H2. Hydrogen-sensing R. capsulatus cells were grown fermentatively in the dark in co-culture with Chlamydomonas reinhardtii on microtiter plates and the bacteria fluoresced in proportion to H2 production by the algae. This represents a promising, high-throughput assay for H2 production in algal libraries, and an enhanced capability for developing H2 as a clean and renewable fuel.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)11229-11237
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume36
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2700-51929

Keywords

  • Biosensor
  • Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
  • GFP
  • HupUV
  • Hydrogen sensor
  • Rhodobacter capsulatus

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