Design of a Variable-Conductance Vacuum Insulation

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    This paper describes one approach to the design of a variable-conductance vacuum insulation. In this design, the vacuum insulation consists of a permanently sealed, thin sheet steel, evacuated envelope of whatever geometry is required for the application. The steel envelope is supported internally against the atmospheric pressure loads by an array of discrete, low-conductance, ceramic supports,and radiative heat transfer is blocked by layers of thin metal radiation shields. Thermal conductance through this insulation is controlled electronically by changing the temperature of a small metal hydride connected to the vacuum envelope. The hydride reversibly absorbs/desorbs hydrogen to produce a hydrogen pressure typically within the range from less than 10-6 to as much as 1 torr. Designcalculations are compared with results from laboratory tests of bench scale samples, and some possible automotive applications for this variable conductance vacuum insulation are suggested.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages8
    StatePublished - 1994

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-452-5814


    • hydrogen
    • metal hydride
    • thermal conductivity


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