Designing Phononic Crystals with Wide and Robust Band Gaps: Article No. 044021

Yanyu Chen, Zian Jia, Haoxiang Yang, Lifeng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus Citations


Phononic crystals (PnCs) engineered to manipulate and control the propagation of mechanical waves have enabled the design of a range of novel devices, such as waveguides, frequency modulators, and acoustic cloaks, for which wide and robust phononic band gaps are highly preferable. While numerous PnCs have been designed in recent decades, to the best of our knowledge, PnCs that possess simultaneous wide and robust band gaps (to randomness and deformations) have not yet been reported. Here, we demonstrate that by combining the band-gap formation mechanisms of Bragg scattering and local resonances (the latter one is dominating), PnCs with wide and robust phononic band gaps can be established. The robustness of the phononic band gaps are then discussed from two aspects: robustness to geometric randomness (manufacture defects) and robustness to deformations (mechanical stimuli). Analytical formulations further predict the optimal design parameters, and an uncertainty analysis quantifies the randomness effect of each designing parameter. Moreover, we show that the deformation robustness originates from a local resonance-dominant mechanism together with the suppression of structural instability. Importantly, the proposed PnCs require only a small number of layers of elements (three unit cells) to obtain broad, robust, and strong attenuation bands, which offer great potential in designing flexible and deformable phononic devices.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2018

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-71426


  • acoustic metamaterials
  • band gap
  • defects
  • mechanical and acoustical properties
  • mechanical deformation
  • phonons


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