Detailed Balance Analysis of Photovoltaic Windows

Lance Wheeler, Vincent Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus Citations


Urban areas currently account for 67-76% of global final energy consumption. With urban living expected to increase from roughly half of the world's population to 70% by the middle of this century, energy generation and efficiency in the urban built environment is critical to a sustainable energy future. Though building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) have been in development for many decades, the rapid decrease in the cost of PV in the past decade makes BIPV an economically tractable direction for on-site building energy generation in the near future.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2130-2136
Number of pages7
JournalACS Energy Letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - 13 Sep 2019

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-73916


  • building-integrated photovoltaics
  • PV windows
  • Shockley-Queisser
  • thermal analysis


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