Developing of Quaternary Pumped Storage Hydropower for Dynamic Studies

Zerui Dong, Jin Tan, Eduard Muljadi, Robert Nelms, Antoine St-Hilaire, Matthew Pevarnik, Mark Jacobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus Citations


Quaternary pumped storage hydropower (Q-PSH) technology, as one of the new advanced-PSH technology, has been developed by taking advantage of Conventional-PSH (C-PSH) and Adjustable Speed-PSH (AS-PSH). By combining adjustable-speed pump unit and conventional hydropower turbine unit in the quaternary configuration, Q-PSH has the more competitive capability of providing fast power support in the future high renewable penetrated power system. Acting as energy storage (ES), Q-PSH provides promising power supply to deal with the uncertainty and variability from renewable energy generation. This paper focuses on the dynamic modeling of Q-PSH technology employing full-converter machine and the impact of Q-PSH on the frequency response in a system. The detailed model of Q-PSH is developed and implemented in the IEEE 14-bus system based on GE Positive Sequence Load Flow (PSLF) platform, which captures the dynamic of multiple operation modes, especially hydraulic short-circuit (HSC) operation mode. Several cases are set up to reveal the advantages of Q-PSH technology when power electronic based renewable energy generation is deployed in the system. Sensitivity studies of the controller in pump governor show the impact of parameters in pump response performance. The comparison case illustrates the impact of frequency response provided by the Q-PSH in the system.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number9035625
Pages (from-to)2870-2878
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2010-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-78117


  • dynamic modeling
  • frequency response
  • hydraulic short-circuit
  • hydropower
  • pumped storage
  • Quaternary


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