Development of a Heavy-Duty Electric Vehicle Integration and Implementation (HEVII) Tool

Aaditya Badheka, Matthew Eagon, Setayesh Fakhimi, Peter Wiringa, Eric Miller, Andrew Kotz, William Northrop

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


As demand for consumer electric vehicles (EVs) has drastically increased in recent years, manufacturers have been working to bring heavy-duty EVs to market to compete with Class 6-8 diesel-powered trucks. Many high-profile companies have committed to begin electrifying their fleet operations, but have yet to implement EVs at scale due to their limited range, long charging times, sparse charging infrastructure, and lack of data from in-use operation. Thus far, EVs have been disproportionately implemented by larger fleets with more resources. To aid fleet operators, it is imperative to develop tools to evaluate the electrification potential of heavy-duty fleets. However, commercially available tools, designed mostly for light-duty vehicles, are inadequate for making electrification recommendations tailored to a fleet of heavy-duty vehicles. The main challenge is that light-duty tools do not estimate real-time vehicle mass, a factor that has a disproportionate impact on the energy consumption of large commercial vehicles. The Heavy-Duty Electric Vehicle Integration and Implementation (HEVII) tool advances the state of the art in evaluating electrification potential and infrastructure requirements for fleets of commercial vehicles. In this work, the HEVII tool is demonstrated with non-uniformly sampled telematics data from an existing fleet to assess the suitability for electrification of each individual vehicle, determine optimal locations for charging infrastructure to support a fleet of EVs and analyze associated costs. Payload mass is predicted using sparse ground-truth data for all input drive cycles and an initial data analysis is conducted to assess the characteristics driving behaviors and energy consumption of the fleet using an adaptable vehicle model. Battery size requirements are determined by applying a novel charger placement algorithm to maximize routes that are viable for EVs and balance time delays with infrastructure development costs. This work details and demonstrates the different aspects of the HEVII tool, presenting preliminary results from an example use case.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 11 Apr 2023
EventSAE 2023 World Congress Experience, WCX 2023 - Detroit, United States
Duration: 18 Apr 202320 Apr 2023


ConferenceSAE 2023 World Congress Experience, WCX 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 SAE International; Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-84600

Other Report Number

  • SAE Technical Paper No. 2023-01-0708


  • charger placement
  • charger station deployment
  • electric vehicles
  • electrification analysis
  • mass estimation
  • optimization


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