Development of a Wind Turbine Model and Simulation Platform Using an Acausal Approach: Multiphysics Modeling, Validation, and Control

Mohammad Odeh, Kazi Mohsin, Tri Ngo, Daniel Zalkind, Jason Jonkman, Alan Wright, Amy Robertson, Tuhin Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus Citations

Abstract

This article presents the development of the Control-oriented, Reconfigurable, and Acausal Floating Turbine Simulator (CRAFTS). CRAFTS has a modular, hierarchical model architecture that enables rapid and accurate simulation of wind turbines. The architecture facilitates the incorporation of model variants, and its system reconfiguration features help simulate multiple design variants. CRAFTS also supports the integration of models developed on a causality-free platform (e.g., Modelica®) with existing causal models. This article focuses on the validation of a land-based wind turbine models against OpenFAST, an industry-standard platform, for several test cases. Closed-loop scenarios are also tested using the standard ROSCO controller and compared against OpenFAST. In addition, a nonlinear controller developed in our prior work is also evaluated. The test cases demonstrate the user-friendly and computationally efficient capabilities of CRAFTS to facilitate control co-design, assist in incorporating multiphysics models, be adaptable to design variants, and allow for rapid simulations to validate models and evaluate controllers.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)985-1011
Number of pages27
JournalWind Energy
Volume26
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Wind Energy published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-83235

Keywords

  • causality-free modeling
  • control co-design
  • model-based
  • wind turbine

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