Development of an Energy Savings Benchmark for All Residential End-Uses: Preprint

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Residential Buildings Program and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the Building America Research Benchmark in 2003. The Benchmark is generally consistent with mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected inthe Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines, with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end-uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space conditioning and hot water. A series of user profiles, intended to represent the behavior of a 'standard' set of occupants, was created for use in conjunction with theBenchmark. Finally, a set of tools was developed by NREL and other Building America partners to help analysts compare whole-house energy use for a Prototype house to the Benchmark in a fair and consistent manner.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 2004
EventSIMBUILD2004 Conference - Boulder, Colorado
Duration: 4 Aug 20046 Aug 2004


ConferenceSIMBUILD2004 Conference
CityBoulder, Colorado

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-550-35917


  • benchmarking
  • Building America
  • DOE
  • energy-efficient houses
  • performance analysis procedures
  • U.S. Department of Energy


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