Development of High-Bandgap AlGaInP Solar Cells Grown by Organometallic Vapor-Phase Epitaxy

Emmett E. Perl, John Simon, John F. Geisz, Waldo Olavarria, Michelle Young, Anna Duda, Daniel J. Friedman, Myles A. Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus Citations

Abstract

AlGaInP solar cells with bandgaps between 1.9 and 2.2 eV are investigated for use in next-generation multijunction photovoltaic devices. This quaternary alloy is of great importance to the development of III-V solar cells with five or more junctions and for cells optimized for operation at elevated temperatures because of the high bandgaps required in these designs. In this work, we explore the conditions for the organometallic vapor-phase epitaxy growth of AlGaInP and study their effects on cell performance. Initial efforts focused on developing ∼2.0-eV AlGaInP solar cells with a nominal aluminum composition of 12%. Under the direct spectrum at 1000 W/m2 (AM1.5D), the best of these samples had an open-circuit voltage of 1.59 V, a bandgap-voltage offset of 440 mV, a fill factor of 88.0%, and an efficiency of 14.8%. We then varied the aluminum composition of the alloy from 0% to 24% and were able to tune the bandgap of the AlGaInP layers from ∼1.9 to ∼2.2 eV. While the samples with a higher aluminum composition exhibited a reduced quantum efficiency and increased bandgap-voltage offset, the bandgap-voltage offset remained at 500 mV or less, up to a bandgap of ∼2.1 eV.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number7442762
Pages (from-to)770-776
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2011-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5J00-65420

Keywords

  • III-V semiconductor materials
  • Photovoltaic cells
  • semiconductor epitaxial layers
  • solar energy

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