Development of Lattice-Mismatched GaInAsP for Radiation Hardness

Ryan France, Harvey Guthrey, Pilar Espinet-Gonzalez, Harry Atwater, Brian Haidet, Kunal Mukherjee, Don Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus Citations


We develop lattice-mismatched GaInAsP as an alternative alloy to pure As-based alloys currently used in III-V multijunction solar cells. Increasing the alloy phosphorous and indium content while maintaining an optimal bandgap may allow high efficiency multijunction devices with increased radiation hardness. Here, 1.0-eV GaInAsP is developed and implemented into single and multijunction solar cell devices. The lattice-mismatched GaInAsP must be grown strain free, and the subcell thickness must be maintained below the thickness where surface-driven phase separation occurs. As observed in transmission electron microscopy and cathodoluminescence imaging, phase separation strengthens in the GaInAsP layer and leads to interfacial defect formation when the cell thickness is too great. We show single junction 1.0-eV Ga0.5In0.5As0.7P0.3 with excellent carrier collection and a bandgap-voltage offset of 0.40 V. This material quality approaches that of 1.0-eV Ga0.7In0.3As used in inverted metamorphic multijunction devices, but has increased phosphorus content and consequently is expected to have a higher radiation resistance. We incorporate the 1.0-eV GaInAsP subcell into a 3-junction inverted metamorphic solar cell to test the performance of the subcell in a multijunction. No additional loss is observed upon integration into a multijunction cell: both the carrier collection and voltage of the GaInAsP subcell are unchanged from single junction devices. While further materials development and radiation testing is still required, these preliminary results indicate that lattice-mismatched GaInAsP can be effectively used in multijunction solar cells to replace radiation-soft materials.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number8888270
Pages (from-to)103-108
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2011-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-74068


  • Gallium arsenide
  • III-V semiconductor materials
  • photovoltaic cells
  • radiation hardening


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