Development of Lignocellulosic Biorefinery Technologies: Recent Advances and Current Challenges

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Recent developments of the biorefinery concept are described within this review, which focuses on the efforts required to make the lignocellulosic biorefinery a sustainable and economically viable reality. Despite the major research and development endeavours directed towards this goal over the past several decades, the integrated production of biofuel and other bio-based products still needs to be optimized from both technical and economical perspectives. This review will highlight recent progress towards the optimization of the major biorefinery processes, including biomass pretreatment and fractionation, saccharification of sugars, and conversion of sugars and lignin into fuels and chemical precursors. In addition, advances in genetic modification of biomass structure and composition for the purpose of enhancing the efficacy of conversion processes, which is emerging as a powerful tool for tailoring biomass fated for the biorefinery, will be overviewed. The continual improvement of these processes and their integration in the format of a modern biorefinery is paving the way for a sustainable bio-economy which will displace large portions of petroleum-derived fuels and chemicals with renewable substitutes.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1201-1218
Number of pages18
JournalAustralian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 CSIRO.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2700-67495


  • bio-based products
  • biofuels
  • biorefinery


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