Development of Prototypical District-Scale Models

Kaiyu Sun, Wanni Zhang, David Goldwasser, Tanushree Charan, Katherine Fleming, Lauren Klun, Tianzhen Hong, Ben Polly

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


The U.S. has set the climate goal to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. District-scale solutions, which include scale-specific opportunities for energy and emissions savings, can be investigated and implemented to help accelerate decarbonization and progress toward this goal. However, there is currently a lack of district-scale models of buildings and community energy systems that can be used to evaluate potential district-scale technologies and strategies across a range of representative community types. This initial work aims to define and develop prototype district models that can be adapted to support the planning, design, and operation of buildings and energy systems in districts considering the complexity and interactions of diverse building loads, weather impacts, distributed energy resources (e.g., PV, EV, electric and thermal energy storage), electric and thermal grid systems, and pricing signals. An overall workflow for developing these prototype district models is established. Stakeholders and potential users of the prototype district models provided technical feedback. The specifications of the selected high priority districts were defined and documented in a scorecard format. An example prototype district model was implemented with the URBANopt platform workflows. A case study was performed to demonstrate the model application.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2023
EventBuilding Simulation 2023: 18th Conference of IBPSA - Shanghai, China
Duration: 4 Sep 20236 Sep 2023


ConferenceBuilding Simulation 2023: 18th Conference of IBPSA
CityShanghai, China

Bibliographical note

See NREL/CP-5500-86589 for preprint

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5500-89351


  • building energy modeling
  • distributed energy resources
  • district energy systems
  • prototype district
  • urban planning


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of Prototypical District-Scale Models'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this