Different Kind of 'Deal': Selling Wind as Environmental Compliance; Preprint

Karin Sinclair

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Supplemental Environmental Projects (SEPs), an environmental regulatory mechanism available at both State and Federal levels, show promise as a marketing venue for wind developers. SEPs are an alternative available to defendants who have been assessed penalties for environmental non-compliance, allowing them to offset a significant amount of penalties by investing in environmentally beneficialprojects. In 1999, the dollar value of Federal SEPs negotiated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) totaled $277 million. In addition, cumulative state enforcement actions may be settled with SEPs. Aside from some compressed natural gas projects, no clean energy projects have been undertaken with the funds. Wind and other clean energy developers can play a unique role in introducingwind energy projects into the SEP negotiating process.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2003
EventWINDPOWER 2003 - Austin, Texas
Duration: 18 May 200321 May 2003


ConferenceWINDPOWER 2003
CityAustin, Texas

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-500-33977


  • SEPS
  • supplemental environmental projects
  • wind energy
  • wind policy


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