Direct Observation of Alkali Vapor Release During Biomass Combustion and Gasification. 2. Black Liquor Combustion at 1100 deg C

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    This study details the first application of molecular beam mass spectrometry to investigate the release of sodium, potassium, sulfur, and chlorine during black liquor combustion. Two samples, black liquor with 37.1% dry solids and a sample of dry black liquor solids, were combusted in a quartz-tube reactor at 100?C in 5% O2 in helium. The gaseous black liquor combustion products, including alkalimetal salts, were monitored continuously and in real time during the combustion event with a molecular beam mass spectrometer. Combustion of the dry black liquor solids occurred in multiple phases distinguished as a devolatilization phase and a char combustion phase that was arbitrarily divided into three separate phases. Combustion of the wet black liquor samples occurred in two phases, namely,a combination of water evaporation and devolatilization, and char combustion. Sodium chloride was the most abundant gas-phase alkali-metal-containing species measured during black liquor combustion. The experimental results showed evidence that gas-phase sodium hydroxide was also formed during combustion of both black liquor samples. In addition, gas- phase Na2SO4 was observed during combustionof the dry black liquor solids. Contact (e-mail): david_dayton@nrel.gov
    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)284-292
    Number of pages9
    JournalEnergy and Fuels
    Volume10
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1996

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/JA-430-20241

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