Direct-Write Contacts: Metallization and Contact Formation; Preprint

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


    Using direct-write approaches in photovoltaics for metallization and contact formation can significantly reduce the cost per watt of producing photovoltaic devices. Inks have been developed for various materials, such as Ag, Cu, Ni and Al, which can be used to inkjet print metallizations for various kinds of photovoltaic devices. Use of these inks results in metallization with resistivities closeto those of bulk materials. By means of inkjet printing a metallization grid can be printed with better resolution, i.e. smaller lines, than screen-printing. Also inks have been developed to deposit transparent conductive oxide films by means of ultrasonic spraying.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages6
    StatePublished - 2008
    Event33rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - San Diego, California
    Duration: 11 May 200816 May 2008


    Conference33rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
    CitySan Diego, California

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/CP-520-42535


    • direct-wire contact
    • inkjet printing
    • metal-organic decomposition
    • metallization
    • PV
    • transparent conducting oxides (TCO)
    • ultrasonic spraying


    Dive into the research topics of 'Direct-Write Contacts: Metallization and Contact Formation; Preprint'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this