Direct-Write Printing of Silver Metallizations on Silicon Solar Cells

C. J. Curtis, T. Rivkin, A. Miedaner, J. Alleman, J. Perkins, L. Smith, D. S. Ginley

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations


Direct-write technologies offer the potential for low-cost materials-efficient deposition of contact metallizations for photovoltaics. We report on the inkjet printing of metal organic decomposition (MOD) inks with and without nanoparticle additions. Near-bulk conductivity of printed and sprayed metal films has been achieved for Ag and Ag nanocomposites. Good adhesion and ohmic contacts with a measured contact resistance of 400 μ,• cm2 have been observed between the sprayed silver films and a heavily doped n-type layer of Si. Silver deposited using the MOD ink bums through the Si3N4 antireflection coating when annealed at 850°C to form an ohmic contact to the n-Si underneath. An active solar cell device was fabricated using a top contact that was spray printed using the Ag MOD ink. Inkjet printed films show adhesion differences as a function of the process temperature and solvent. Silver lines with good adhesion and conductivity have been printed on glass with 100 μm resolution.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2002
EventMaterials for Energy Storage, Generation and Transport - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 2 Apr 20024 Apr 2002


ConferenceMaterials for Energy Storage, Generation and Transport
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-590-33867


Dive into the research topics of 'Direct-Write Printing of Silver Metallizations on Silicon Solar Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this