Distributed Cooperative Control of Wind Farms with On-Site Battery Energy Storage Systems

Dinh Hoa Nguyen, Javad Khazaei, Susan W. Stewart, Jennifer Annoni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus Citations


This chapter studies the output power regulation in wind farms consisting of doubly-fed induction generator wind turbines, one of the most popular generator configurations in modern multi-MW wind industry, equipped with on-site battery energy storage systems. Traditionally, wind farms were operated as standalone units or were equipped with a central, large-scale, energy storage system. In fact, most of the existing control designs for hybrid wind-storage applications are centralized, where the central unit collects the measured data from all wind turbines and storage systems (if they exist) and compares with the load demand to generate the reference power for each wind turbine controller. Those centralized setups or control structures do not fully exploit the flexibility and locality of the on-site energy storage systems in a wind farm. Moreover, the storage functionality is lost if the central storage system is broken down, while in a distributed architecture, a failure only affects individual on-site storage systems and the others will still operate. Therefore, on-site storage systems and distributed control designs need to be developed for wind farms to provide regulation services for the grid. An approach to tackle that challenge will be presented in this chapter.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationAdvanced Control and Optimization Paradigms for Wind Energy Systems
EditorsR. E. Precup, T. Kamal, S. Z. Hassan
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages26
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NamePower Systems
ISSN (Print)1612-1287
ISSN (Electronic)1860-4676

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-5000-72431


  • battery storage
  • distributed control
  • wind farms


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