Distributed Model Predictive Control for Coordinated, Grid-Interactive Buildings

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21 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Continued focus on reducing carbon emissions and improving energy efficiency requires buildings to become grid-interactive and not just behave as static consumers. A distributed model predictive control (DMPC) algorithm known as Limited-Communication (LC) DMPC is modified to enable grid-interactive buildings. A grid-aggregator subsystem is added that allows for a bulk grid power reference signal to be followed while the individual building subsystems also achieve their local comfort objectives. The LC-DMPC algorithm is applied for the first time to systems with multiple buildings. Adequate power tracking is shown for different simulation scenarios involving heterogeneous buildings, and next steps are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number118612
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Energy
Volume312
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-81881

Keywords

  • Building energy systems
  • Distributed control
  • Grid services
  • Grid-interactive buildings
  • Model predictive control

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