Distributed Wind-Hybrid Microgrids with Autonomous Controls and Forecasting

Benjamin Anderson, Jayaraj Rane, Rabia Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus Citations


Distributed wind-hybrid microgrids have the potential to provide key resilience and economic benefits to both the customers they serve and the utility grids they are connected to. Such microgrids will likely be a key part of the grid of the future, whether connected to large utility grids or linked together in multi-microgrid systems. Through the hybridization of distributed wind and solar photovoltaics, autonomous device-level and system-level controls, battery energy storage systems with smart inverters, and forecasting, these microgrids could maintain local stability and provide grid services—all with renewable power. In the literature, these elements have been considered individually. However, they have not been combined and demonstrated at a high fidelity, which is essential to prove the concept's operation before moving to hardware-in-the-loop and physical demonstrations. In this work, we develop a high-fidelity MATLAB-Simulink model of a real distributed wind-hybrid microgrid that includes all these elements. We demonstrate the microgrid maintaining stability and production in a variety of islanded, grid-connected, and transition scenarios. This includes riding through faults and grid transitions, handling resource variability, and providing grid services. The results demonstrate, at a high fidelity, how distributed wind-hybrid microgrids can operate in an economic and resilient fashion. Finally, we provide recommendations for future research to move advanced distributed wind-hybrid microgrids toward deployment.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number120557
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Energy
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-83582


  • Autonomous control
  • Distributed wind
  • Forecasting
  • Grid markets
  • Hybrid systems
  • Microgrids


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