Distribution of Local Open-Circuit Voltage on Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Mixed-Phase Si:H and SiGe:H Solar Cells: Preprint

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Local open-circuit voltage (Voc) distributions on amorphous and nanocrystalline mixed-phase silicon solar cells were measured using a scanning Kelvin probe microscope (SKPM) on the p layer of an n-i-p structure without the top ITO contact. During the measurement, the sample was illuminated with a laser beam that was used for the atomic force microscopy (AFM). Therefore, the surface potentialmeasured by SKPM is the sum of the local Voc and the difference in workfunction between the p layer and the AFM tip. Comparing the SKPM and AFM images, we find that nanocrystallites aggregate in the amorphous matrix with an aggregation size of~0.5 ..mu..m in diameter, where many nanometer-size grains are clustered. The Voc distribution shows valleys in the nanocrystalline aggregation area. Thetransition from low to high Voc regions is a gradual change within a distance of about 1 ..mu..m. The minimum Voc value in the nanocrystalline clusters in the mixed-phase region is larger than the Voc of a nc-Si:H single-phase solar cell. These results could be due to lateral photo-charge redistribution between the two phases. We have also carried out local Voc measurements on mixed-phase SiGe:Halloy solar cells. The magnitudes of Voc in the amorphous and nanocrystalline regions are consistent with the J-V measurements.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2006
Event2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC-4) - Waikoloa, Hawaii
Duration: 7 May 200612 May 2006

Conference

Conference2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC-4)
CityWaikoloa, Hawaii
Period7/05/0612/05/06

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-520-39882

Keywords

  • amorphous
  • atomic force microscopy (AFM)
  • nanocrystaline
  • open-circuit voltages
  • PV
  • scanning Kelvin probe microscope (SKPM)
  • solar cells

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