DNS of Flame Stabilization Dynamics of a Swirl-Stabilized Spray Burner Using Sustainable Aviation Fuels: Article No. AIAA 2024-1999

Bruno Soriano, Landon Owen, Lucas Esclapez, Jacqueline Chen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Concern for emission reduction has motivated the development of new cost-effective alternative sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs). Drop-in SAFs with blends of the certified and the alternative fuels are beneficial because they do not require engine modifications for use in current aviation engines. Combustion characteristics are of particular concern when comparing a new fuel with Jet-A. Lean blow-off and flame stabilization have been identified to be governed by the fuel propensity to autoignition, i.e. derived cetane number. However, fundamental investigation is required to identify the impact of derived cetane number on the combustion mode of flame stabilization in a realistic combustor. The combustion mode has also a direct impact on turbulent combustion modeling closures. DNS simulations are performed in the low-Mach solver of the Pele Suite called PeleLMeX. Lagrangian multi-phase modeling is used to capture the liquid spray injection of Jet-A (reference fuel) and C1 as a representative of a low cetane number SAF. Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) is used to enable a more efficient simulation of a more realistic domain size and embedded boundary treatment is used to model a bluff-body geometry. Local extinction and edge flame propagation were observed for both fuels. The edge flame propagation mode was quantified in terms of a Damkohler number defined as the ratio between progress variable reaction rate and its diffusive flux. Initial analysis suggests that a mixed mode combustion occurs for the edge flame propagation, with flame propagation assisted by ignition and autoignition co-existing for both Jet-A and C1 flames. The analysis of the extinction region shows a larger progress variable for Jet-A which can further increase the local displacement speed and present a faster reignition of the stoichiometric mixture fraction.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2024
EventAIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum - Orlando, Florida
Duration: 8 Jan 202412 Jan 2024


ConferenceAIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum
CityOrlando, Florida

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-2C00-90508


  • adaptive mesh refinement
  • alternative fuels
  • aviation
  • combustors
  • computational fluid dynamics
  • fuel injection
  • probability density functions
  • shear layers
  • sustainable aviation fuel
  • turbulent combustion


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