DNS of Hydrodynamic Instabilities of Laminar H2/O2/N2 Flames at Elevated Pressure

Lucas Esclapez, Andy Nonaka, John Bell, Marc Day

Research output: NRELPresentation


The atypical combustion properties of hydrogen have long provided an interest for hydrogen-enriched combustion, emphasized in recent years by increasingly stringent emission regulations. Significant work has been focused on the small hydrocarbon(C1-C3)/hydrogen blends, but much less is known about the effect of hydrogen on heavier hydrocarbon combustion, of interest for the aviation and automotive industry. In this work, we perform direct numerical simulations (DNS) of spherically expanding laminar n-dodecane/H2 flames in a constant-volume vessel at elevated pressure and a range of hydrogen seeding levels. A low Mach number model is used to represent the gas and flame dynamics allowing for a temporally varying, spatially homogeneous pressure field, while also enabling numerical evolution of the system numerically at time step sizes governed by the advective CFL limit rather than acoustic processes. We use an adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) approach to tackle the large separation of scales associated with high pressure premixed flame surfaces propagating in a laboratory-scale closed domain. We incorporate detailed chemistry and transport models for the reacting flow and focus the analysis on the effects of the pressure rise on the flame propagation characteristics and morphology as the hydrogen content is increased. The presence of fast diffusive H2 and the pressure rise results in dramatic thinning of the flame and the potential onset of hydrodyanmic and theromdiffusive instabilities. We assess the potential role of these instabilities on the ability to accurately measure laminar burning speed experimentally based on the mean flame surface propagation speed.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages22
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NamePresented at the 18th International Conference on Numerical Combustion, 8-11 May 2022, San Diego, California

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-2C00-82559


  • high pressure
  • hydrogen
  • low mach number


Dive into the research topics of 'DNS of Hydrodynamic Instabilities of Laminar H2/O2/N2 Flames at Elevated Pressure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this