Doped GaInAs/GaP Quantum Well Superlattice Solar Cells With 27.5% Efficiency

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Quantum wells can extend the absorption range of a solar cell and are typically placed in the intrinsic region of the device to enable efficient carrier collection via drift. Thick intrinsic regions are needed for significant absorption in the low bandgap quantum wells, resulting in a large depletion region recombination and ultimately a solar cell with a low fill factor (FF). However, in quantum well superlattice solar cells where tunneling plays a dominant role in carrier transport, collection by carrier diffusion may be possible, relieving the requirement for quantum wells to be placed in the intrinsic region. Here, we investigate doping in stress-balanced quantum well superlattice solar cells using thin 2 nm GaP barriers. Doping reduces J02 depletion region recombination and improves the solar cell FF up to 86.7%, but very high doping eventually reduces the carrier collection, leading to a tradeoff in efficiency. We show that the barrier thickness also plays an important role in carrier collection, and we demonstrate high efficiency 27.5% single-junction devices with a doped superlattice.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
IEEE

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-87337

Keywords

  • doping
  • III-V
  • quantum wells
  • superlattice

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