Doping Properties of Cadmium-Rich Arsenic-Doped CdTe Single Crystals: Evidence of Metastable AX Behavior

Darius Kuciauskas, Akira Nagaoka, Michael Scarpulla

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32 Scopus Citations


Cd-rich composition and group-V element doping are of interest for simultaneously maximizing the hole concentration and minority carrier lifetime in CdTe, but the critical details concerning point defects are not yet fully established. Herein, we report on the properties of arsenic doped CdTe single crystals grown from Cd solvent by the travelling heater method. The photoluminescence spectra and activation energy of 74 ± 2 meV derived from the temperature-dependent Hall effect are consistent with AsTe as the dominant acceptor. Doping in the 1016 to 1017/cm3 range is achieved for measured As concentrations between 1016 and 1020/cm3 with the highest doping efficiency of 40% occurring near 1017 As/cm3. We observe persistent photoconductivity, a hallmark of light-induced metastable configuration changes consistent with AX behavior. Additionally, quenching experiments reveal at least two mechanisms of increased p-Type doping in the dark, one decaying over 2-3 weeks and the other persisting for at least 2 months. These results provide essential insights for the application of As-doped CdTe in thin film solar cells.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberArticle No. 232103
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number23
StatePublished - 4 Dec 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Author(s).

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-70421


  • activation energies
  • electron densities of states
  • photoconductivity
  • transition


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