Downscaling Solar Power Output to 4-Seconds for Use in Integration Studies (Presentation): NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

Marissa Hummon

Research output: NRELPresentation


High penetration renewable integration studies require solar power data with high spatial and temporal accuracy to quantify the impact of high frequency solar power ramps on the operation of the system. Our previous work concentrated on downscaling solar power from one hour to one minute by simulation. This method used clearness classifications to categorize temporal and spatial variability, anditerative methods to simulate intra-hour clearness variability. We determined that solar power ramp correlations between sites decrease with distance and the duration of the ramp, starting at around 0.6 for 30-minute ramps between sites that are less than 20 km apart. The sub-hour irradiance algorithm we developed has a noise floor that causes the correlations to approach0.005. Below oneminute, the majority of the correlations of solar power ramps between sites less than 20 km apart are zero, and thus a new method to simulate intra-minute variability is needed. These intra-minute solar power ramps can be simulated using several methods, three of which we evaluate: a cubic spline fit to the one-minute solar power data; projection of the power spectral density toward the higherfrequency domain; and average high frequency power spectral density from measured data. Each of these methods either under- or over-estimates the variability of intra-minute solar power ramps. We show that an optimized weighted linear sum of methods, dependent on the classification of temporal variability of the segment of one-minute solar power data, yields time series and ramp distributionssimilar to measured high-resolution solar irradiance data.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages24
StatePublished - 2013

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2013 International Workshop on Integration of Solar Power into Power Systems, 20 - 22 October 2013, London, United Kingdom

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-6A20-60336


  • downscaling
  • high frequency solar data
  • solar integration studies


Dive into the research topics of 'Downscaling Solar Power Output to 4-Seconds for Use in Integration Studies (Presentation): NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this