Duluth Transit Authority Battery-Electric Bus Evaluation

Matthew Jeffers, Leslie Eudy, Erik Bigelow, Greg Olberding, Amy Posner

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Duluth Transit Authority (DTA) collaborated with the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to evaluate a fleet of seven battery-electric buses (BEBs) in revenue service in Duluth, Minnesota. The focus of the evaluation was to compare performance and cost of the BEBs to that of conventional technology buses in similar service and track progress over time. DTA enlisted the help of the Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) to manage the project and provide technical services with the BEB fleet and infrastructure. This report summarizes the results of the BEB evaluation and contains a combination of analyses performed by NREL and by CTE during the overall data collection period of December 2018 through February 2022.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages55
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-83038


  • battery electric bus
  • BEB
  • DTA
  • Duluth Transit Authority
  • electric bus
  • transit
  • vehicle electrification


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