Durability of Ionomer Encapsulants in Photovoltaic Modules

Nicholas Bosco, Jared Tracy, Chris Delgado, Reinhold Dauskardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus Citations


Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) has for decades been the material of choice for photovoltaic (PV) module encapsulation. However, while it is relatively inexpensive and initially adheres well to module components, EVA discolors with age and—as interfacial adhesion degrades—becomes susceptible to delamination, ultimately resulting in reduced module efficiency and shortened service lifetimes. As potential replacements for EVA, ionomer thermoplastic materials cure faster, are more resistant to discoloration and potential induced degradation, and do not evolve corrosive acetic acid, making them compatible with new device materials such as perovskites. Since there is limited information on ionomer durability for PV module applications, a series of field and accelerated laboratory aging studies were conducted to assess ionomer interface stability in the presence of terrestrial environmental stressors. It is shown that adhesion to the glass and cell interfaces of PV modules is inferior to EVA, both before and after aging, rendering ionomers particularly susceptible to delamination after short timeframes. Potential solutions to improve ionomer adhesion are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number110397
Number of pages7
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
StatePublished - May 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-75808


  • Adhesion
  • Durability
  • Encapsulation
  • Fracture
  • Ionomer
  • Photovoltaic


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