Dynamic Stall Occurrence on a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blade

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    Surface pressure data from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's 'Combined Experiment' were analyzed to provide a statistical representation of dynamic stall occurrence on a downwind horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT). Over twenty thousand blade rotational cycles were each characterized at four span locations by the maximum leading edge suction pressure and by the azimuth, velocity, and yawat which it occurred. Peak suction values at least twice that seen in static wind tunnel tests were taken to be indicative of dynamic stall. The occurrence of dynamic stall at all but the inboard station (30% span) shows good quantitative agreement with the theoretical limits on inflow velocity and yaw that should yield dynamic stall. Two hypotheses were developed to explain the discrepancy at30% span. Estimates are also given for the frequency of dynamic stall occurrence on upwind turbines. Operational regimes were identified which minimize the occurrence of dynamic stall events.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages9
    StatePublished - 1995

    Bibliographical note

    Work performed by the University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-442-6912


    • dynamic stall
    • HAWT
    • horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWT)
    • surface pressure
    • wind


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