E85 Dispenser Study

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This study reviews E85 dispensing infrastructure advances and issues and evaluates the geographic concentration of flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs), E85 stations, ethanol production facilities, and E85 suppliers. Costs, space, financial incentives, and barriers to adding E85 fueling equipment at existing stations are also assessed. This study found that E85 is increasingly available in the U.S. in half of the states; however, the other half have minimal or no E85 fueling options. Despite these gains, E85 is only available at 1% of U.S. gasoline stations. Ethanol production reached 9.5 billion gallons in 2008, but less than 1% is consumed as E85. FFVs have not reached a significant concentration in any county, metropolitan area, or state.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages28
StatePublished - 2009

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-7A2-47172


  • dispensers
  • E85
  • ethanol
  • FFV
  • flexible fuel vehicles
  • fueling stations


Dive into the research topics of 'E85 Dispenser Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this