Economics and Challenges of Li-Ion Battery Recycling from End-of-Life Vehicles

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This study sheds light on current and future recycling methods for spent Li-ion batteries from retired vehicles. The demands of Li-ion batteries for automotive applications and power electronics are expected to increase significantly in the next 15-20 years. Recycling cathode materials from end-of-life batteries provides a sustainable source of materials, and offers an economic alternative for some of the high value elements such as cobalt and nickel. Insights and directions for future R&D will be presented in this paper based on the results of the supply chain and techno-economic analyses made for end-of-life li-ion batteries.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)272-279
Number of pages8
JournalProcedia Manufacturing
StatePublished - 2019
Event16th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing, GCSM 2018 - Lexington, United States
Duration: 2 Oct 20184 Oct 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-6A20-71350


  • Cathode Materials
  • Environment
  • Li-ion Battery
  • Recycling


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