Effect of Aging on Mechanical Properties of Lithium Ion Cell Components

Zenan Wu, Shriram Santhanagopalan, Lei Cao, Julia Hartig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus Citations


The mechanical properties of aged and fresh lithium ion cell components are evaluated in this paper. Cells components were obtained from destructive physical analysis of 40Ah NMC/Graphite-based pouch cells before and after cycling and were subjected to mechanical testing. The aging tests comprised of cycling the cell across a voltage window of 4.1V to 3.0V at room temperature (25?). Using a 2C charging rate and 1C discharging rate, the cells were subjected to over 5600 cycles before a 80% drop in the name-plate capacity was observed. Mechanical tests, including compression test, tensile test and indentation test, were conducted on the cell components to investigate differences in the mechanical performance. Comparison of the fresh and aged cells components shows that cycling the cells has different degrees of impact on the different cell components. Anodes suffered the most serious deterioration in mechanical properties while separators remained intact under the test condition investigated.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)199-208
Number of pages10
JournalECS Transactions
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-70349


  • aging effects
  • degradation
  • mechanical testing
  • tensile and compression tests


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