Effect of Cultivation Conditions on the Bioconversion of 4-Hydroxybenzoic Acid in Two White-Rot Fungi

Teeratas Kijpornyongpan, Carlos del Cerro, Samuel Purvine, Hugh Mitchell, Lye Markillie, Meagen Burnet, Kelsey Ramirez, Davinia Salvachua

Research output: NRELPoster


White-rot fungi (WRF) are the most efficient organisms for lignin degradation in nature. A recent study has also shown the ability of WRF in funneling lignin-derived aromatics, including 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4HBA) and vanillic acid, to central metabolism. However, it is unknown how the cultivation conditions affect the conversion of lignin-derived aromatic compounds. To address this, we performed multi-omic analyses and tracked the conversion of 4HBA in different cultivation conditions in two white-rot fungi: Trametes versicolor and Ceriporiopsis subvermispora. Specifically, we evaluated the effect of static and agitation cultivation conditions in the absence and the presence of antioxidants on fungal performance. We found that the comparison between static and agitation has the higher number of differentially expressed genes or protein abundances at the transcriptomic and proteomic levels, respectively, compared to the presence or the absence of antioxidants. Gene mapping on the enzymatic steps of the proposed 4HBA conversion pathway revealed that agitation causes upregulation of several oxidase genes such as aldehyde dehydrogenases, aldehyde oxidases, and hydroxylases in both fungi. Time-course experiments including 4HBA and cellobiose as carbon sources showed that T. versicolor exhibited higher 4HBA conversion levels in agitation (~110% more conversion, compared to static cultivation conditions) and in the presence of antioxidants (~10% more conversion, compared to the treatments without antioxidants). Interestingly, these trends were not found in C. subvermispora, suggesting different carbon metabolism in both species. Our findings are fundamental to better understand carbon sequestration from lignin in WRF, which will be key for future applications in the lignin valorization field.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NamePresented at the 43rd SIMB Symposium, 26-28 April 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PO-2800-79592


  • agitation
  • antioxidants
  • aromatic catabolism
  • lignin valorization
  • proteomics
  • transcriptomics


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