Effect of TiO2 Particle Size and Layer Thickness on Mesoscopic Perovskite Solar Cells

Donghoe Kim, Dong Lee, Min-cheol Kim, Byeong Kim, Sang Lee, Mansoo Choi, Sangwook Lee, Hyun Jung

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59 Scopus Citations


Mesoporous TiO2 (mp-TiO2) layers are commonly used as electron transport layers in perovskite solar cells, which help to extract electrons from the perovskite light-absorbing layer and transport them to the electrodes. We investigated the effects of the layer thickness of mp-TiO2 and particle size of TiO2 on photovoltaic properties, in terms of the surface area of the mp-layer and the interfacial areas of the TiO2 nanoparticles in the mp-layer. Various mp-TiO2 layers with thicknesses of 150, 250, and 400 nm and particle sizes of 25 nm and 41 nm were prepared to compare the photovoltaic properties of such layer-containing perovskite solar cells. Time-resolved photoluminescence decay and impedance studies showed that interfacial resistance as well as perovskite-to-TiO2 charge injection are important factors affecting photovoltaic performance. The deterioration of the photovoltaic parameters with increasing TiO2/TiO2 interfacial area also confirms that the interfacial series resistance that arises from these connections should be reduced to enhance the performance of mesoscopic perovskite solar cells.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)131-136
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
StatePublished - 2019

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-70670


  • charge injection
  • charge transport
  • internal resistance
  • mesoporous TiO2
  • perovskite solar cell


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