Effective Interfaces in Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


    This paper reviews the current commercial status of CuInSe2 alloys (collectively, CIS) and CdTe-based photovoltaic (PV) modules, comparing the performance of commercial products with the results achieved for solar cell and prototype module champions. We provide an update for these PV cell and module technologies, and also compare CIS and CdTe performance levels to the results achieved by thecrystalline Si PV industry. This comparison shows that CIS and CdTe module technology presently offers the best (and perhaps only) approach for significantly exceeding the cost/performance levels established by crystalline Si PV technologies. A semi-empirical methodology is used for comparing 'champion' solar cell and prototype module data with performance achieved on manufacturing lines. Usinga conservative assumption that thin-film technologies will eliminate the 40% of PV module costs arising from the Si wafer or ribbon, we estimate the future performance of all established PV module candidates, and conclude that, based on 2004 knowledge about each PV technology, CIS and CdTe should provide cost-competitive advantages over crystalline Si.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages7
    StatePublished - 2005
    Event31st IEEE Photovoltaics Specialists Conference and Exhibition - Lake Buena Vista, Florida
    Duration: 3 Jan 20057 Jan 2005


    Conference31st IEEE Photovoltaics Specialists Conference and Exhibition
    CityLake Buena Vista, Florida

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/CP-520-37457


    • emitter deposition
    • float-zone (FZ)
    • hot-wire chemical vapor deposition (HWCVD)
    • hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H)
    • interface recombination
    • PV
    • silicon heterojunction (SHJ)
    • solar cells


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