Effects of Different Types of Entrances on Natural Ventilation in a Subway Station: Article No. 103578

Yanan Liu, Yuxiang Hu, Yimin Xiao, Jianli Chen, Haotian Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus Citations


In this study, the natural ventilation of a horizontal entrance of a typical subway station is investigated based on numerical simulations and experiments. In addition, a renormalization group k-e model (RNG k-e model) is applied to compute both the internal and external airflow patterns. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are validated based on the experimental results. Furthermore, a multiple variable regression model is employed to study how the different parameters affect the internal airflow rates of the subway station statistically, according to the experimental results. For this typical model, the parameter importance can be ranked as follows: (1) outdoor wind speed; (2) flow resistance of the subway station; (3) height of the wind catcher; and (4) length of the wind catcher. To understand the detailed pressure distribution of the horizontal entrance of the subway station with and without the wind catcher, 3D numerical simulations are conducted for different scenarios. We attempt to alter the size of the wind catcher (including the length and height) to study the characteristics of the pressure on the horizontal entrance of the subway station under outdoor wind-driven conditions. The pressure distributions for the entrance for different scenarios are compared and analyzed. Finally, the interactions between the internal and external flows are investigated by changing the resistance of the subway station. When the internal flow resistance is changed, the pressure coefficient (Cp) of the entrance is different as well. Hence, the Cp is not only affected by the outdoor environment, but is also influenced by the internal airflows.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages14
JournalTunnelling and Underground Space Technology
StatePublished - 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-79405


  • CFD
  • pressure coefficient
  • subway station
  • wind tunnel
  • wind-driven ventilation


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