Effects of Grit Roughness and Pitch Oscillations on the S814 Airfoil

    Research output: NRELSubcontract Report


    Horizontal axis wind turbine rotors experience unsteady aerodynamics when the rotor is yawed, when rotor blades pass through the support tower wake, and when the wind is gusting. An understanding of this unsteady behavior is necessary to assist in the design of new rotor airfoils. The rotors also experience performance degradation due to surface roughness. These surface irregularities are due tothe accumulation of insect debris, ice, and/or the aging process. Wind tunnel studies that examine both the steady and unsteady behavior of airfoils can help define pertinent flow phenomena, and the resultant data can also be used to validate analytical computer codes. An S814 airfoil model was tested in The Ohio State University Aeronautical and Astronautical Research Laboratory (OSU/AARL) 3x5subsonic wind tunnel (3x5) under steady flow with both stationary model conditions and pitch oscillations. To study the extent of performance loss due to surface roughness, a leading edge grit roughness pattern (LEGR) was used to simulate leading edge contamination. After baseline cases were completed, the LEGR was applied for both steady state model pitch oscillation cases. The Reynolds numbersfor steady state conditions were 0.75, 1, 1.25, and 1.5 million, while the angle of attack ranged from -20 degrees to +40 degrees. While the model underwent pitch oscillations, data were acquired at Reynolds numbers of 0.75, 1, 1.25, and 1.5 million, at frequencies of 0.6, 1.2, and 1.8 Hz. Two sine wave forcing functions were used; at mean angles of attack of 8 degrees, 14 degrees, and 20degrees.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages152
    StatePublished - 1996

    Bibliographical note

    Work performed by the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-442-8161


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