Efficient and Scalable GaInAs Thermophotovoltaic Devices

Eric J. Tervo, Ryan M. France, Daniel J. Friedman, Madhan K. Arulanandam, Richard R. King, Tarun C. Narayan, Cecilia Luciano, Dustin P. Nizamian, Benjamin A. Johnson, Alexandra R. Young, Leah Y. Kuritzky, Emmett E. Perl, Moritz Limpinsel, Brendan M. Kayes, Andrew J. Ponec, David M. Bierman, Justin A. Briggs, Myles A. Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus Citations


Thermophotovoltaics are promising solid-state energy converters for a variety of applications such as grid-scale energy storage, concentrating solar-thermal power, and waste-heat recovery. Here, we report the design, fabrication, and testing of large area (0.8 cm2), scalable, single-junction 0.75-eV GaInAs thermophotovoltaic devices reaching an efficiency of 38.8% ± 2.0% and an electrical power density of 3.78 W/cm2 at an emitter temperature of 1,850°C. Reaching such a high emitter temperature and power density without sacrificing efficiency is a direct result of combining good spectral management with an optimized cell architecture, excellent material quality, and low series resistance. Importantly, fabrication of 12 high-performing devices on a 2-in wafer is shown to be repeatable, and the cell design can be readily transferred to commercial epitaxy on even larger wafers. Further improvements in efficiency can be obtained by using a multijunction architecture, illustrated by early results for a two-junction 0.84-eV GaInPAs/0.75-eV GaInAs device.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2566-2584
Number of pages19
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

See NREL/JA-5900-83369 for preprint

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-84599


  • energy
  • III-V semiconductor
  • photovoltaic
  • thermal radiation
  • thermophotovoltaic


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