Efficient Phasor-Based Dynamic Volt/VAr and Volt/Watt Analysis of Large Distribution Grid with High Penetration of Smart Inverters

Maryam Mahmoudi Koutenaei, Thai Thanh Nguyen, Tuyen Vu, Sumit Paudyal, Rob Hovsapian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus Citations


As the penetration of power-electronics based smart inverters (SIs) is increasing in distribution grids, it adds computational challenges in solving dynamic models of large-scale distribution feeders. Voltage and reactive power (Volt/VAr), and voltage and active power (Volt/Watt) dynamics have been analyzed at slower time scales akin to the control of legacy grid devices. However, smart inverters, being power-electronics based devices, can provide dynamic active/reactive power support at a faster time scale, which necessitates Volt/VAr and Volt/Watt dynamics to be analyzed at a faster time scale. The existing dynamic models are overly detailed and computationally intractable for distribution feeders with a large number of inverters. In this context, this proposed work aims towards developing a computationally tractable, scalable, and accurate phasor-based model for dynamic Volt/VAr and Volt/Watt analyses of large distribution systems with high penetration of smart inverters. Case studies demonstrate that the proposed phasor-based model sufficiently captures the Volt/VAr and Volt/Watt dynamics, and is computationally faster by one order of magnitude compared to the average model and by two orders of magnitude compared to the detailed switching model. Case studies also demonstrate the efficacy and scalability of the proposed model in analyzing Volt/VAr and Volt/Watt dynamics of large-scale power networks with hundreds of SIs.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3997-4008
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5C00-81948


  • distribution systems
  • dynamic analysis
  • Smart inverters
  • Volt/VAr control


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