This report outlines the synergy between human decision making and generative artificial intelligence (GenAI), where GenAI supports power system operators by analyzing procedures, suggesting actions, simulating scenarios with physics-based digital twins, and recommending optimal decisions. This report is the first research effort to apply large language models (LLMs), a type of GenAI, in the power grid control room. The authors describe the Electric Grid Generative Pretrained Transformer (eGridGPT), an LLM that virtually assists system operators. Developed with cybersecurity and regulatory requirements in mind, eGridGPT represents an opportunity to responsibly evolve control room technologies to meet the needs of a rapidly changing grid. As an innovative concept, eGridGPT seeks to spearhead productive discussions about the advanced technologies in the control room of the future amid the transition to clean energy.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages26
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5D00-87740


  • control room of the future
  • cybersecurity
  • digital twin
  • dynamic dashboard
  • eGridGPT
  • large language model


Dive into the research topics of 'eGridGPT: Trustworthy AI in the Control Room'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this