Electric Vehicle Managed Charging: Forward-Looking Estimates of Bulk Power System Value

Research output: NRELTechnical Report

Abstract

When and where electric vehicle charging occurs has significant implications for power systems supporting widespread electric vehicle deployment with high shares of wind and solar generation. Numerous studies have estimated the value of scheduling or otherwise managing electric vehicle charging in such power systems. This study improves on those earlier works by leveraging detailed simulation models for electric vehicle adoption, electric vehicle use, electric vehicle charging, and bulk power system operations; and linking them with methods for describing charging flexibility at both the individual vehicle and aggregate levels. This study closely analyzes electric vehicle managed charging (EVMC) performance along the dimensions of flexibility type (within-charging session or within-week scheduling), dispatch mechanism (direct load control or one of several price-based mechanisms), and participation rate, under the assumptions of ubiquitous chargers and all trips completed on time. The study is located in a passenger light-duty vehicle adoption scenario with 100% electric vehicle sales by 2035, and in an envisioned 2038 New England power system for which within-region generation is 84% clean.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages93
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A40-83404

Keywords

  • demand flexibility
  • electric vehicle adoption
  • electric vehicle managed charging
  • production cost modeling
  • renewable energy
  • variable generation

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