Electrification Futures Study: End-Use Electric Technology Cost and Performance Projections through 2050

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report provides projected cost and performance assumptions for electric technologies considered in the Electrification Futures Study, a detailed and comprehensive analysis of the effects of widespread electrification of end-use service demands in all major economic sectors - transportation, residential and commercial buildings, and industry - for the contiguous United States through 2050. Using extensive literature searches and expert assessment, the authors identify slow, moderate, and rapid technology advancement sensitivities on technology cost and performance, and they offer a comparative analysis of levelized cost metrics as a reference indicator of total costs. The identification and characterization of these end-use service demand technologies is fundamental to the Electrification Futures Study. This report, the larger Electrification Futures Study, and the associated data and methodologies may be useful to planners and analysts in evaluating the potential role of electrification in an uncertain future. The report could be broadly applicable for other analysts and researchers who wish to assess electrification and electric technologies.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages109
StatePublished - 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A20-70485


  • buildings
  • electrification
  • energy
  • industry
  • scenario analysis
  • transportation


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